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03 Aug 2009

Thirty two analogues of phencyclidine were synthesised and tested as inhibitors of trypanothione reductase (TryR), a potential drug target in trypanosome and leishmania parasites. The lead compound BTCP (1, 1-(1-benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-cyclohexyl) piperidine) was found to be a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme (K(i)=1 microM) and biologically active against bloodstream T. brucei (EC(50)=10 microM), but with poor selectivity against mammalian MRC5 cells (EC(50)=29 microM). Analogues with improved enzymatic and biological activity were obtained. The structure-activity relationships of this novel series are discussed.